Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal, Vol. 17, No 4 (2016)

Tamanho da fonte:  Menor  Médio  Maior

Multi-trait and repeatability models for genetic evaluation of litter traits in pigs considering different farrowings

Edson Vinícius Costa, Henrique Torres Ventura, Elsio Antônio Pereira Figueiredo, Fabyano Fonseca e Silva, Leonardo Siqueira Glória, Rodrigo Mezêncio Godinho, Marcos Deon Vilela de Resende, Paulo Sávio Lopes

Resumo


We aimed to compare multi-trait and repeatability models to estimate genetic parameters for the traits number of piglets born alive (NBA) and alive at 3 week of age (NP3), litter weight at birth (LW0) and at 3 week of age (LW3), and mean piglet weight at birth (MW0) and at 3 week of age (MW3), considering the first three farrowings of Landrace sows. Heritability (h2) estimates showed an increasing pattern up to the third farrowing for LW0 and MW3. For NBA, NP3, LW3, and MW0 h2 increased from the first to the second and decreased from the second to the third farrowing. In general, heritability estimated in the repeatability model was lower than the mean of the estimates in the multi-trait model. The traits LWO, MW0, and MW3 presented high genetic correlation among different farrowings (0.961–0.997), while NBA, NP3, and LW3 (0.092–0.986) presented irregular values among farrowings. The corrected Akaike information criterion shows that the repeatability model is not indicated for almost all of the studied traits. These results indicate that the multi-trait model is recommended for genetic evaluation of the traits number of piglets born alive and alive at 3 week of age, litter weight and mean piglet weight at birth and 3 week of age, in different farrowings, as different traits.


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